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What Is the Form of Baptism

The Eastern Churches (Eastern Orthodox Church and Eastern Orthodoxy) also baptize children on the basis of texts such as Matthew 19:14, which are interpreted to support children`s full adherence to the Church. In these denominations, baptism is immediately followed by chrismation and communion at the next Divine Liturgy, regardless of age. The Orthodox also believe that baptism eliminates what they call the ancestral sin of Adam. [95] Anglicans believe that baptism is also an entry into the Church and therefore gives them access to all the rights and duties as full members, including the privilege of receiving Holy Communion. Most Methodists and Anglicans agree that it also cleanses the stain of what is called original sin in the West and ancestral sin in the East. The authority of Pope Stephen I was affirmed for the validity of baptism only in the name of Christ. St. Cyprian says (Letter 72) that this pope declared all baptism valid, provided it was given in the name of Jesus Christ. It should be noted that the same explanation applies to Stephen`s words as to the biblical texts given above. Moreover, in his letter to St. Cyprian, Firmilian suggests that Pope Stephen demanded an explicit mention of the Trinity in baptism, as he quotes the pope who explained that sacramental grace is conferred because a person has been baptized “with the invocation of the names of the Trinity, Father and Son and of the Holy Spirit.” In the recent past, it was customary in the Roman Catholic Church to baptize almost every convert from Protestantism conditionally, as it was difficult to judge validity in a specific case. In the case of large Protestant churches, agreements with assurances on how they practice baptism have put an end to this practice, which sometimes continues for other groups of Protestants.

The Catholic Church has always recognized the validity of baptism in Eastern Christian churches, but it has explicitly denied the validity of baptism in The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. [123] One of the criteria for validity is the use of the correct verb form. The Roman Catholic Church teaches that the use of the verb “baptize” is essential. [35] Latin Catholics, Anglicans and Methodists use the phrase “I baptize you. Eastern Orthodox and some Eastern Catholics use a passive form “The servant of God is baptized in the name of…” ” or “This person is baptized with my hands. [ref. On the other hand, it is never permissible to baptize with an invalid liquid. There is a response from Pope Gregory IX to the Archbishop of Trondhjem in Norway, where beer (or mead) was used for baptism. The Pope says: “Since, according to the teaching of the Gospel, a man must be born again of water and of the Holy Spirit, those who have been baptized with beer should not be considered validly baptized” (cervisia). It is true that a declaration declaring the wine valid is attributed to Pope Stephen II, but the document lacks any authority (Labbe, Conc., VI).

Of course, the Church does not require all other denominations to take this canonical form for their baptisms to be valid baptisms. In fact, in emergency situations, anyone can perform a baptism that would be valid, even a non-Christian. As long as someone pours water on the baptismal candidate, with the intention of doing what the Church does when she baptizes, and the person is baptized in the name of the Trinity with the above phrase, then that person will receive baptism. Canon law even says it explicitly: most of the baptized in the early church were converts from Greco-Roman paganism and therefore adults. However, the New Testament and the 2nd century Church Fathers make it clear that the gift of salvation belongs to children. Tertullian seems to have been the first to speak out against infant baptism, suggesting that it was a common practice as early as the 2nd century. It remained the accepted method of accepting members into the Eastern and Western Churches. Yazidi baptism is called Mor kirin (literally: “to seal”). Traditionally, Yazidi children are baptized at birth with water from the Kaniya Sipî (“white spring”) in Lalish.

[294] Methodists recognize three types of baptism as valid: “immersion, sprinkling, or pouring” in the name of the Holy Trinity. [163] In all the sacraments we deal with matter and form. It is also customary to distinguish distant matter from near matter. In the case of baptism, distant matter is natural and true water. We will look at that aspect of the issue first. When we spoke about the issue of baptism, we realized that true and natural water is all that is necessary for its validity. However, in the case of solemn baptism, the Church prescribes that the water used must be consecrated on Holy Saturday or the eve of Pentecost. For the license (and not the validity) of the sacrament, the priest is therefore obliged to use consecrated water. This custom is so old that we cannot discover its origin. It is found in the oldest liturgies of the Latin and Greek Churches and is mentioned in the Apostolic Constitutions (VII, 43).

The ceremony of his consecration is striking and symbolic. After signing the water with the cross, the priest divides it with his hand and throws it to the four corners of the earth. It means the baptism of all nations. Then he breathes on the water and dips the Easter candle in it. In The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, only a man ordained to the Aaronic Priesthood who holds the priesthood or a higher office in the Melchizedek Priesthood can be baptized. [138] The discipline of the Eastern Orthodox Church, Eastern Orthodoxy and the Assyrian Church of the East is similar to that of the Eastern Catholic Churches. They require that the Baptist, even in emergencies, belong to his own faith, on the grounds that a person cannot transmit what he does not possess himself, in this case belonging to the Church. [137] The Latin Catholic Church does not insist on this condition, considering that the action of the sacrament, like belonging to the Church, is not caused by the person who baptizes, but by the Holy Spirit.

For the Orthodox, baptism in extremis can be performed by a deacon or a layman, but if the newly baptized survives, a priest must always perform the other prayers of the baptismal rite and administer the mystery of chrismation. The Christian faith has taught the truth of the above description of baptism since the first century. However, this is not only the Catholic point of view. The Encyclopaedia Britannica contains an introductory paragraph to baptism that is very similar to the above. Before there were biblical teachings, there were the teachings of the apostles living side by side with Christ Jesus. Around the year 70 or earlier, a text called The Didache, or The Doctrine of the Twelve Apostles, began to circulate. He says the following about baptism. Fathers and theologians often divided baptism into three types: water baptism (aquæ or fluminis), desired baptism (flaminis) and blood baptism (sanguinis). But only the first is a true sacrament. The last two are called baptism only analogously, because they have the main effect of baptism, which is the grace that forgives sins.

It is the teaching of the Catholic Church that if water baptism becomes a physical or moral impossibility, eternal life can be obtained through baptism of desire or baptism of blood. For this great blessing of the New Testament, baptism was therefore the sign in an exceptional way; And it represented the “outpouring” of the spirit, the “descent” of the spirit, the “fall” of the spirit “upon men” by the way it was administered, the outpouring of water from above on baptized subjects. As a seal or sign of confirmation, baptism responds to circumcision. [162] . According to Acts 2:38, baptisms flow from Peter`s preaching and baptism in the name of Jesus and lead the baptized to receive the Spirit of Christ, the Holy Spirit and to life in the Church: “They devoted themselves to the teaching and communion of the apostles, to the breaking of bread and prayers”[102] and to the distribution of goods to the needy. [103] If necessary, baptism may be performed legally and validly by any person who fulfills the essential conditions, whether a lay Catholic or any other man or woman, heretic or schismatic, unbeliever or Jew.